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dc.contributor.authorColonese, Andre Carlo
dc.contributor.authorHendy, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorLucquin, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorSpeller, Camilla F
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Matthew J
dc.contributor.authorCarrer, Francesco
dc.contributor.authorGubler, Regula
dc.contributor.authorKühn, Marlu
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Roman
dc.contributor.authorCraig, Oliver E
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-23T00:33:22Z
dc.date.available2018-11-23T00:33:22Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-26
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/285856
dc.description.abstractThe domestication and transmission of cereals is one of the most fundamental components of early farming, but direct evidence of their use in early culinary practices and economies has remained frustratingly elusive. Using analysis of a well-preserved Early Bronze Age wooden container from Switzerland, we propose novel criteria for the identification of cereal residues. Using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), we identified compounds typically associated with plant products, including a series of phenolic lipids (alkylresorcinols) found only at appreciable concentration in wheat and rye bran. The value of these lipids as cereal grain biomarkers were independently corroborated by the presence of macrobotanical remains embedded in the deposit, and wheat and rye endosperm peptides extracted from residue. These findings demonstrate the utility of a lipid-based biomarker for wheat and rye bran and offer a methodological template for future investigations of wider range of archaeological contexts. Alkylresorcinols provide a new tool for residue analysis which can help explore the spread and exploitation of cereal grains, a fundamental component of the advent and spread of farming.
dc.format.mediumElectronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleNew criteria for the molecular identification of cereal grains associated with archaeological artefacts.
dc.typeArticle
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationDate2017
prism.publicationNameSci Rep
prism.startingPage6633
prism.volume7
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.33200
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-06-19
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/s41598-017-06390-x
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-07-26
dc.contributor.orcidColonese, Andre Carlo [0000-0002-0279-6634]
dc.contributor.orcidHendy, Jessica [0000-0002-3718-1058]
dc.contributor.orcidLucquin, Alexandre [0000-0003-4892-6323]
dc.contributor.orcidSpeller, Camilla F [0000-0001-7128-9903]
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2017-07-26


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International