Unexpected Semimetallic BiS2 at High Pressure and High Temperature.
Kawaguchi, Saori Imada
J Phys Chem Lett
American Chemical Society (ACS)
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Liu, G., Yu, Z., Liu, H., Redfern, S. A., Feng, X., Li, X., Yuan, Y., et al. (2018). Unexpected Semimetallic BiS2 at High Pressure and High Temperature.. J Phys Chem Lett, 9 (19), 5785-5791. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02004
In the past decade, the group V-VI compounds have been widely investigated due to their excellent properties and applications. It is now accepted that diverse stoichiometry can yield new compounds with unanticipated properties, uncovering potentially new physicochemical mechanisms. However, in this group, aside from the conventional A2B3-type, no other energetically stable stoichiometry has been reported yet. Here, we report that Bi2S3 is unstable and decomposes into stoichiometric BiS2 and BiS with different Bi valence states upon compression. Encouragingly, we successfully synthesized the predicted BiS2 phase and thus, confirmed its existence. Our current calculations reveal that the found BiS2 phase is a semimetal, associated with the increased concentration of nonmetallic S. The present results represent the first counterintuitive stable stoichiometry of group V-VI and provide a good example in designing and synthesizing new compounds under compression.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02004
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/286527