Interactions between callose and cellulose revealed through the analysis of biopolymer mixtures.
Abou-Saleh, Radwa H
Hernandez-Gomez, Mercedes C
MetadataShow full item record
Abou-Saleh, R. H., Hernandez-Gomez, M. C., Amsbury, S., Paniagua, C., Bourdon, M., Miyashima, S., Helariutta, Y., et al. (2018). Interactions between callose and cellulose revealed through the analysis of biopolymer mixtures.. Nature communications, 9 (1), 4538. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06820-y
The properties of (1,3)-β-glucans (i.e., callose) remain largely unknown despite their importance in plant development and defence. Here we use mixtures of (1,3)-β-glucan and cellulose, in ionic liquid solution and hydrogels, as proxies to understand the physico-mechanical properties of callose. We show that after callose addition the stiffness of cellulose hydrogels is reduced at a greater extent than predicted from the ideal mixing rule (i.e., the weighted average of the individual components' properties). In contrast, yield behaviour after the elastic limit is more ductile in cellulose-callose hydrogels compared with sudden failure in 100% cellulose hydrogels. The viscoelastic behaviour and the diffusion of the ions in mixed ionic liquid solutions strongly indicate interactions between the polymers. Fourier-transform infrared analysis suggests that these interactions impact cellulose organisation in hydrogels and cell walls. We conclude that polymer interactions alter the properties of callose-cellulose mixtures beyond what it is expected by ideal mixing.
Arabidopsis, Estradiol, Glucans, Cellulose, Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared, Temperature, Hydrogen Bonding, Viscosity, Elasticity, Nanoparticles, Ionic Liquids, Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate
European Research Council (323052)
Gatsby Charitable Foundation (GAT3395/PR3)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06820-y
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/287168
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/