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dc.contributor.authorMabonga, Emily
dc.contributor.authorParkes-Ratanshi, Rosalind
dc.contributor.authorRiedel, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorNabweyambo, Sheila
dc.contributor.authorMbabazi, Olive
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Chris
dc.contributor.authorGaydos, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorManabe, Yukari C
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-19T00:30:52Z
dc.date.available2018-12-19T00:30:52Z
dc.date.issued2019-03
dc.identifier.issn0956-4624
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/287170
dc.description.abstractAntimicrobial resistance (AMR) to gonorrhoea is a threat to global health security. There have been concerns expressed that countries with high rates of disease have poor surveillance. The objectives of the study were to determine the AMR patterns of Neisseria gonorrhoeae clinical isolates to antimicrobial agents in patients with HIV or high risk of HIV acquisition, to compare the concordance of disk diffusion and agar dilution as methods for determining AMR to N. gonorrhoeae, and to describe methodological challenges to carrying out AMR testing. The study was conducted at an HIV outpatient service for at-risk populations and an outreach clinic for commercial sex workers in Kampala. Patients were offered a sexually transmitted infection screen using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay. Samples positive for gonorrhoea were cultured. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using disk diffusion and isolates were sent to a reference laboratory for agar dilution direct susceptibility testing. Five hundred and seventy-five patients were screened. There were 33 (5.7%) patients with gonorrhoea detected by PCR. Of the 16 viable N. gonorrhoeae isolates, 100% were resistant to ciprofloxacin and tetracycline by disk diffusion and 31% exhibited reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone and cefixime. By agar dilution, 100% of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin and all isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone and cefixime. There was concordance between disk diffusion and agar dilution for ciprofloxacin and tetracycline resistance and a significant discordance for third-generation cephalosporins. More than half the women with gonorrhoea were asymptomatic and represent a potential reservoir for ongoing transmission. AMR testing of N. gonorrhoeae isolates is needed to ensure optimal treatment and prevention of antibiotic resistance progression.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work was supported by grants from the National Institute of Health (grant number 5U54EB007958 to Professor Charlotte Gaydos and Dr Yukari Manabe), the Sacharuna Foundation and Johns Hopkins Center for Innovation Medicine
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSAGE Publications
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectNeisseria gonorrhoeae
dc.subjectGonorrhea
dc.subjectHIV Infections
dc.subjectCiprofloxacin
dc.subjectTetracycline
dc.subjectAnti-Bacterial Agents
dc.subjectMicrobial Sensitivity Tests
dc.subjectDrug Resistance, Bacterial
dc.subjectUganda
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectMale
dc.titleComplete ciprofloxacin resistance in gonococcal isolates in an urban Ugandan clinic: findings from a cross-sectional study.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage263
prism.issueIdentifier3
prism.publicationDate2019
prism.publicationNameInt J STD AIDS
prism.startingPage256
prism.volume30
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.34479
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-08-02
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1177/0956462418799017
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-03
dc.contributor.orcidMabonga, Emily [0000-0001-9610-8726]
dc.contributor.orcidParkes-Ratanshi, Rosalind [0000-0001-9297-1311]
dc.identifier.eissn1758-1052
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2018-11-04
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-11-04


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