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dc.contributor.authorCrawford, Oliver
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-14T11:00:56Z
dc.date.available2019-01-14T11:00:56Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-19
dc.date.submitted2017-11-30
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/287945
dc.description.abstractIn the course of a fairly brief lifetime, lasting only a little over fifty years (1897-1949), Tan Malaka was variously a schoolteacher, the chair of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), a Comintern agent, a political exile, and a revolutionary leader. He travelled the world, living for spells in the Netherlands, Germany, Russia, China, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Tan Malaka’s colourful life and political career have attracted comment from historians, but there has not yet been an in-depth treatment of his ideas, even though he produced a large corpus of writings and was acknowledged to be among the foremost political intellects of his generation in Indonesia. This thesis is an analysis and contextualization of Tan Malaka’s political thought. It places his writings within a series of contemporary debates: on the nature of the Indonesian past and the country’s potential for revolution; on imperialism and the post-colonial future of Asia; on the relationship between Islam, capitalism, and Communism; on the reformation of Indonesian thinking; and on the appropriate strategy and goals for the Indonesian revolution. These debates, and Tan Malaka’s interventions within them, reveal that Indonesia during the ‘national awakening’ period (1900-50) was the scene of great intellectual innovation, where foreign and indigenous concepts were fused, adapted and reworked. Tan Malaka’s writings provide a particularly vivid example of this, combining as they do the concepts and language of Marxism, Islamic morality, and Minangkabau custom, sometimes in tension, in other places flowing together without apparent strain. Tan Malaka was not unique in this respect, as the thesis shows, which suggests that late- colonial Indonesia provides promising terrain for the ‘global turn’ in intellectual history, that seeks to understand the circulation, interaction and transformation of ideas across national and cultural boundaries, especially in the non-Western world.
dc.description.sponsorshipTrinity College Cambridge, Internal Graduate Studentship
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserveden
dc.rights.urihttps://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved/en
dc.subjectIndonesia
dc.subjectPolitical Thought
dc.subjectHistory
dc.subjectTan Malaka
dc.subjectGlobal intellectual history
dc.subjectMarxism
dc.subjectIslam
dc.titleThe Political Thought of Tan Malaka
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoral
dc.type.qualificationnameDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cambridge
dc.publisher.departmentHistory
dc.date.updated2018-12-13T12:08:15Z
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.35261
dc.publisher.collegeTrinity
dc.type.qualificationtitlePhD History
cam.supervisorHarper, Tim
cam.thesis.fundingfalse


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