Parents' relationship with their surrogate in cross-border and domestic surrogacy arrangements: comparisons by sexual orientation and location.
Fertility and sterility
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Jadva, V., Gamble, N., Prosser, H., & Imrie, S. (2019). Parents' relationship with their surrogate in cross-border and domestic surrogacy arrangements: comparisons by sexual orientation and location.. Fertility and sterility, 111 (3), 562-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.11.029
Objective: To study heterosexual and gay couples’ relationship with their surrogate and their disclosure decisions when the surrogacy arrangement was completed domestically compared to internationally. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Online surveys completed from February to March 2017. Patients: Participants were 40 gay couples and 76 heterosexual couples who had domestic surrogacy in the UK (n=38) or international surrogacy in the USA (n=58) or Asia (20). Most (75%) of the children were aged under 4 years. Interventions: Online surveys containing open-ended and multiple choice questions. Main Outcome Measures: Experiences of finding a surrogate, relationship with the surrogate and disclosure to the child were examined amongst UK parents who had undergone surrogacy in the UK, USA or India/Thailand. Results: Parents who had surrogacy in the UK and USA felt very involved in the pregnancy compared to those who had surrogacy in Asia. Couples whose surrogacy was completed in Asia were less likely to want contact with their surrogate following the birth and were also less likely to have any current contact with the surrogate. Parents who had surrogacy in the UK and USA described positive relationships with their surrogate. Gay couples intended to tell their child about surrogacy more than heterosexual couples. Conclusions: The specific country where couples conducted their surrogacy arrangement (i.e. USA, UK or Thailand/India) was associated with how involved they were in the pregnancy and their contact with the surrogate over-time. Limitations of the study include use of survey methodology and the representativeness of the sample is not known.
Humans, Cross-Sectional Studies, Truth Disclosure, Sexual Behavior, Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, Female, Homosexuality, Male, Parent-Child Relations, Parents, Surrogate Mothers, Interpersonal Relations, Pregnancy, Adult, Middle Aged, Child, Preschool, Infant, United States, Asia, Female, Male, Surveys and Questionnaires, United Kingdom, Sexual and Gender Minorities
Wellcome Trust (208013/Z/17/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.11.029
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288206