Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation.
de Diego-Balaguer, Ruth
Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
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Havas, V., Taylor, J., Vaquero, L., de Diego-Balaguer, R., Rodríguez-Fornells, A., & Davis, M. (2018). Semantic and phonological schema influence spoken word learning and overnight consolidation.. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71 (6), 1469-1481. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1329325
We studied the initial acquisition and overnight consolidation of new spoken words that resemble words in the native language (L1) or in an unfamiliar, non-native language (L2). Spanish-speaking participants learned the spoken forms of novel words in their native language (Spanish) or in a different language (Hungarian), which were paired with pictures of familiar or unfamiliar objects, or no picture. We thereby assessed, in a factorial way, the impact of existing knowledge (schema) on word learning by manipulating both semantic (familiar vs unfamiliar objects) and phonological (L1- vs L2-like novel words) familiarity. Participants were trained and tested with a 12-hr intervening period that included overnight sleep or daytime awake. Our results showed (1) benefits of sleep to recognition memory that were greater for words with L2-like phonology and (2) that learned associations with familiar but not unfamiliar pictures enhanced recognition memory for novel words. Implications for complementary systems accounts of word learning are discussed.
L1, L2, Word learning, consolidation, phonology, schema, semantic, sleep, Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Association Learning, Choice Behavior, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Phonetics, Reaction Time, Recognition (Psychology), Semantics, Sleep, Verbal Learning, Young Adult
This project has been supported by the Spanish Government (PSI2011-29219, awarded to ARF) and a predoctoral position awarded to VH.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1329325
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288226