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dc.contributor.authorSummers, William
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-22T10:20:12Z
dc.date.available2019-01-22T10:20:12Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-23
dc.date.submitted2018-09-30
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288351
dc.description.abstractLow nutrition availability in the soil can be a major limitation of plant growth. To improve nutrient acquisition, the majority of land plants engage in symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. The accommodation of fungal colonisation structures in the roots requires their radical reprogramming. This starts during pre-symbiotic communication, where signals are exchanged between the fungus and plant across the rhizosphere. The receptor D14-LIKE emerged as a vital component of this pre-symbiotic communication when it was found to be absolutely required for symbiosis in rice. However, the broader relevance of the receptor, both in terms of functional conservation across plant species and its relation to other pre-symbiotic plant signalling components, remained unclear. The aim of this thesis was to elucidate these two key points. To address the fragmented picture of fungal signals, plant receptors and signalling pathways, a large scale transcriptomic experiment in rice was conducted to tie D14L together with other distinct pre-symbiotic components. In the absence of D14L-mediated signalling, rice was found to be compromised in the perception of germinated spore exudates, as well as specific chitinaceous signals, meaning that normal transcriptional reprogramming could not be achieved in response to any of these treatments. In addition, the functional conservation of D14L signalling was explored using trans-species complementation experiments. It was found that the Arabidopsis homolog AtKAI2 could complement the developmental phenotype of the d14l rice mutant, but not symbiosis. Likewise, D14La from early diverging Marchantia polymorpha and Marachantia paleacea could rescue developmental phenotypes in d14l rice, but again failed to complement symbiosis. This demonstrated a functional separation between developmental and symbiotic signalling. The data generated during my PhD foster D14L as a central node for multiple inputs to pre-symbiotic reprogramming, and provides new insights into pre-symbiotic communication mechanisms which are required for the successful establishment of symbiosis.
dc.description.sponsorshipBBSRC
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.subjectPlant biology
dc.subjectSymbiosis
dc.subjectArbuscular mycorrhizae
dc.subjectGenetics
dc.subjectPlant-microbe interactions
dc.subjectMolecular biology
dc.subjectRice
dc.titleD14-LIKE: An essential protein for the establishment of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoral
dc.type.qualificationnameDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Cambridge
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Plant Sciences
dc.date.updated2019-01-21T15:52:51Z
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.35663
dc.publisher.collegeEmmanuel College
dc.type.qualificationtitlePhD in Plant Sciences
cam.supervisorPaszkowski, Uta
cam.thesis.fundingtrue
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2025-01-22


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