Universal Kinetics of the Onset of Cell Spreading on Substrates of Different Stiffness.
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Bell, S., Redmann, A., & Terentjev, E. (2019). Universal Kinetics of the Onset of Cell Spreading on Substrates of Different Stiffness.. Biophysical journal, 116 (3), 551-559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2018.12.020
When plated onto substrates, cell morphology and even stem cell differentiation are influenced by the stiffness of their environment. Stiffer substrates give strongly spread (eventually polarized) cells with strong focal adhesions, and stress fibers; very soft substrates give a less developed cytoskeleton, and much lower cell spreading. The kinetics of this process of cell spreading is studied extensively, and important universal relationships are established on how the cell area grows with time. Here we study the population dynamics of spreading cells, investigating the characteristic processes involved in cell response to the substrate. We show that unlike the individual cell morphology, this population dynamics does not depend on the substrate stiffness. Instead, a strong activation temperature dependence is observed. Different cell lines on different substrates all have long-time statistics controlled by the thermal activation over a single energy barrier ΔG = 18 kcal/mol, while the early-time kinetics follows a power law t^5. This implies that the rate of spreading depends on an internal process of adhesion complex assembly and activation: the operational complex must have 5 component proteins, and the last process in the sequence (which we believe is the activation of focal adhesion kinase) is controlled by the binding energy ΔG.
NIH 3T3 Cells, Animals, Mice, Cell Size, Kinetics, Mechanical Phenomena, Biomechanical Phenomena
This work has been funded by EPSRC (grants EP/M508007/1 and EP/J017639), and the Ernest Oppenheimer Trust in Cambridge.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2018.12.020
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288653
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/