Early detection of pre-malignant lesions in a KRAS<sup>G12D</sup>-driven mouse lung cancer model by monitoring circulating free DNA.
Disease models & mechanisms
Company of Biologists
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Rakhit, C. P., Trigg, R., Le Quesne, J., Kelly, M., Shaw, J. A., Pritchard, C., & Martins, L. (2019). Early detection of pre-malignant lesions in a KRAS<sup>G12D</sup>-driven mouse lung cancer model by monitoring circulating free DNA.. Disease models & mechanisms, 12 (2)https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.036863
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death. Two-thirds of cases are diagnosed at an advanced stage that is refractory to curative treatment. Therefore, strategies for the early detection of lung cancer are urgently sought. Total circulating free DNA (cfDNA) and tumour-derived circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) are emerging as important biomarkers within a ‘liquid biopsy’ for monitoring human disease progression and response to therapy. Due to the late clinical diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma, the potential for cfDNA and ctDNA as early detection biomarkers remains unexplored. Here, using a Cre-regulated genetically engineered mouse model of lung adenocarcinoma development, driven by KrasG12D (the KrasLSL-G12D mouse), we serially track the release of cfDNA/ctDNA and compare this to tumour burden as determined by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). To monitor ctDNA, a droplet digital PCR assay was developed to permit discrimination of the KrasLox-G12D allele from the KrasLSL-G12D and KrasWT alleles. We show that micro-CT correlates with endpoint histology and is able to detect pre-malignant tumours with a combined volume larger than 7mm3. Changes in cfDNA/ctDNA levels correlate with micro-CT measurements in longitudinal sampling and are able to monitor the emergence of lesions before the adenoma-adenocarcinoma transition. This work has implications for early detection of human lung adenocarcinoma using ctDNA/cfDNA profiling.
Animals, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Lung Neoplasms, Precancerous Conditions, Disease Models, Animal, Integrases, Tumor Burden, Reproducibility of Results, Recombination, Genetic, Mutation, Alleles, Female, Male, Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras), Early Detection of Cancer, X-Ray Microtomography, Cell-Free Nucleic Acids
Medical Research Council
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.036863
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/288934