The visual geometry of a tool modulates generalization during adaptation.
Sheahan, Hannah R
Ingram, James N
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Sadeghi, M., Sheahan, H. R., Ingram, J. N., & Wolpert, D. (2019). The visual geometry of a tool modulates generalization during adaptation.. Scientific reports, 9 (1), 2731. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39507-5
Knowledge about a tool’s dynamics can be acquired from the visual configuration of the tool and through physical interaction. Here, we examine how visual information affects the generalization of dynamic learning during tool use. Subjects rotated a virtual hammer-like object while we varied the object dynamics separately for two rotational directions. This allowed us to quantify the coupling of adaptation between the directions, that is, how adaptation transferred from one direction to the other. Two groups experienced the same dynamics of the object. For one group, the object’s visual configuration was displayed, while for the other, the visual display was uninformative as to the dynamics. We fit a range of context-dependent state-space models to the data, comparing different forms of coupling. We found that when the object’s visual configuration was explicitly provided, there was substantial coupling, such that 31% of learning in one direction transferred to the other. In contrast, when the visual configuration was ambiguous, despite experiencing the same dynamics, the coupling was reduced to 12%. Our results suggest that generalization of dynamic learning of a tool relies, not only on its dynamic behaviour, but also on the visual configuration with which the dynamics is associated.
Humans, Learning, Visual Perception, Robotics, Algorithms, Biomechanical Phenomena, Virtual Reality
Wellcome Trust (097803/Z/11/Z)
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39507-5
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/289107