Body dysmorphic disorder and its relationship to sexuality, impulsivity, and addiction.
Grant, Jon E
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Grant, J. E., Lust, K., & Chamberlain, S. (2019). Body dysmorphic disorder and its relationship to sexuality, impulsivity, and addiction.. Psychiatry research, 273 260-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.036
This study sought to examine the prevalence of probable body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a university sample and its associated physical and mental health correlates. A 156-item anonymous online survey was distributed via email to a randomly chosen subset of 10,000 university students, at a large public university. The survey queried current use of alcohol and drugs, psychological and physical status, academic performance, sexual behaviors, and questionnaire-based measures of impulsivity and compulsivity. A total of 3,459 participants (59.1% female) completed the survey and were included in the analysis. The overall prevalence of BDD was 1.7% (n = 59). Compared to students without BDD, those with BDD were significantly more likely to endorse symptoms of compulsive sexual behavior, depression, PTSD, and anxiety. Questionnaire-based measures revealed higher levels of both compulsivity and impulsivity associated with BDD. BDD appears to be common in young adults, and is associated with specific mental health comorbidities, as well as both impulsive and compulsive traits. Clinicians should be aware of the presentation of BDD and screen for it in primary care and mental health settings.
Humans, Prevalence, Depression, Compulsive Behavior, Behavior, Addictive, Sexual Behavior, Sexuality, Anxiety, Comorbidity, Students, Universities, Adolescent, Female, Male, Young Adult, Body Dysmorphic Disorders, Surveys and Questionnaires
WELLCOME TRUST (110049/Z/15/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.036
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/289302