Prospective genomic surveillance of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (MRSA) associated with bloodstream infection, England, 1 October 2012 to 30 September 2013.
Wilson, Hayley J
Hope, Russell J
Török, M Estée
Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
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Toleman, M., Reuter, S., Jamrozy, D., Wilson, H. J., Blane, B., Harrison, E., Coll, F., et al. (2019). Prospective genomic surveillance of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (MRSA) associated with bloodstream infection, England, 1 October 2012 to 30 September 2013.. Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin, 24 (4)https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.es.2019.24.4.1800215
BackgroundMandatory reporting of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infections (BSI) has occurred in England for over 15years. Epidemiological information is recorded, but routine collection of isolates for characterisation has not been routinely undertaken. Ongoing developments in whole-genome sequencing (WGS) have demonstrated its value in outbreak investigations and for determining the spread of antimicrobial resistance and bacterial population structure. Benefits of adding genomics to routine epidemiological MRSA surveillance are unknown.AimTo determine feasibility and potential utility of adding genomics to epidemiological surveillance of MRSA.MethodsWe conducted an epidemiological and genomic survey of MRSA BSI in England over a 1-year period (1 October 2012--30 September 2013).ResultsDuring the study period, 903 cases of MRSA BSI were reported; 425 isolates were available for sequencing of which, 276 (65%) were clonal complex (CC) 22. Addition of 64 MRSA genomes from published outbreak investigations showed that the study genomes could provide context for outbreak isolates and supported cluster identification. Comparison to other MRSA genome collections demonstrated variation in clonal diversity achieved through different sampling strategies and identified potentially high-risk clones e.g. USA300 and local expansion of CC5 MRSA in South West England.ConclusionsWe demonstrate the potential utility of combined epidemiological and genomic MRSA BSI surveillance to determine the national population structure of MRSA, contextualise previous MRSA outbreaks, and detect potentially high-risk lineages. These findings support the integration of epidemiological and genomic surveillance for MRSA BSI as a step towards a comprehensive surveillance programme in England.
Humans, Bacteremia, Staphylococcal Infections, Cross Infection, Cohort Studies, Prospective Studies, Feasibility Studies, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Public Health, Disease Outbreaks, Phylogeny, Genome, Bacterial, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Infant, Newborn, England, Female, Male, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Molecular Epidemiology, Epidemiological Monitoring, Public Health Surveillance, Whole Genome Sequencing
This work was supported by grants from the UK Clinical Research Collaboration Translational Infection Research Initiative, and the Medical Research Council (Grant Number G1000803) with contributions to the Grant from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the National Institute for Health Research on behalf of the Department of Health, and the Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government Health Directorate (to Prof. Peacock); and the Wellcome Trust (to Prof. Parkhill [Grant 098051], Prof. Peacock). MST is a Wellcome Trust Clinical PhD Fellow at the University of Cambridge. MET is a Clinician Scientist Fellow, supported by the Academy of Medical Sciences and the Health Foundation, and by the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre. FC is supported by the Wellcome Trust (201344/Z/16/Z).
Academy of Medical Sciences (unknown)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.es.2019.24.4.1800215
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/289410
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/