Reducing instrumentation errors caused by circumferential flow field variations in multi-stage axial compressors
Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
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Chilla, M., Pullan, G., & Gallimore, S. (2019). Reducing instrumentation errors caused by circumferential flow field variations in multi-stage axial compressors. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, 2A-2019 https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2019-90839
The effects of blade row interactions on stator-mounted instrumentation in axial compressors are investigated using unsteady numerical calculations. The test compressor is an 8-stage machine representative of an aero-engine core compressor. For the unsteady calculations, a 180deg sector (half-annulus) model of the compressor is used. It is shown that the time-mean flow field in the stator leading edge planes is circumferentially non-uniform. The circumferential variations in stagnation pressure and stagnation temperature respectively reach 4.2% and 1.1% of the local mean. Using spatial wave number analysis, the incoming wakes from the upstream stator rows are identified as the dominant source of the circumferential variations in the front and middle of the compressor, while towards the rear of the compressor, the upstream influence of the eight struts in the exit duct becomes dominant. Based on three circumferential probes, the sampling errors for stagnation pressure and stagnation temperature are calculated as a function of the probe locations. Optimization of the probe locations shows that the sampling error can be reduced by up to 77% by circumferentially redistributing the individual probes. The reductions in the sampling errors translate to reductions in the uncertainties of the overall compressor efficiency and inlet flow capacity by up to 50%. Recognizing that data from large-scale unsteady calculations is rarely available in the instrumentation phase for a new test rig or engine, a method for approximating the circumferential variations with single harmonics is presented. The construction of the harmonics is based solely on the knowledge of the number of stators in each row and a small number of equi-spaced probes. It is shown how excursions in the sampling error are reduced by increasing the number of circumferential probes.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2019-90839
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/290431