A battle for transmission: the cooperative and selfish animal mitochondrial genomes.
The Royal Society
MetadataShow full item record
Klucnika, A., & Ma, H. (2019). A battle for transmission: the cooperative and selfish animal mitochondrial genomes.. Open biology, 9 (3), 180267. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsob.180267
The mitochondrial genome is an evolutionarily persistent and cooperative component of metazoan cells that contributes to energy production and many other cellular processes. Despite sharing the same host as the nuclear genome, the multi-copy mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) follows very different rules of replication and transmission, which translate into differences in the patterns of selection. On one hand, mtDNA is dependent on the host for its transmission, so selections would favour genomes that boost organismal fitness. On the other hand, genetic heterogeneity within an individual allows different mitochondrial genomes to compete for transmission. This intra-organismal competition could select for the best replicator, which does not necessarily give the fittest organisms, resulting in mito-nuclear conflict. In this review, we discuss the recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms and opposing forces governing mtDNA transmission and selection in bilaterians, and what the implications of these are for mtDNA evolution and mitochondrial replacement therapy.
Animals, Humans, Mitochondrial Diseases, DNA, Mitochondrial, Evolution, Molecular, Mutation, Genes, Mitochondrial, Genome, Mitochondrial, Selection, Genetic, Genetic Fitness
Wellcome Trust (202269/Z/16/Z)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsob.180267
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/291030
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/