Disentangling serology to elucidate henipa- and filovirus transmission in Madagascar fruit bats.
Ranaivoson, Hafaliana C
Broder, Christopher C
The Journal of animal ecology
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Brook, C. E., Ranaivoson, H. C., Broder, C. C., Cunningham, A. A., Héraud, J., Peel, A. J., Gibson, L., et al. (2019). Disentangling serology to elucidate henipa- and filovirus transmission in Madagascar fruit bats.. The Journal of animal ecology, 88 (7), 1001-1016. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12985
1.Bats are reservoirs for emerging human pathogens, including Hendra and Nipah henipaviruses and Ebola and Marburg filoviruses. These viruses demonstrate predictable patterns in seasonality and age structure across multiple systems; previous work suggests that they may circulate in Madagascar's endemic fruit bats, which are widely consumed as human food. 2.We aimed to (a) document the extent of henipa- and filovirus exposure among Malagasy fruit bats, (b) explore seasonality in seroprevalence and serostatus in these bat populations, and (c) compare mechanistic hypotheses for possible transmission dynamics underlying these data. 3.To this end, we amassed and analyzed a unique dataset documenting longitudinal serological henipa- and filovirus dynamics in three Madagascar fruit bat species. 4.We uncovered serological evidence of exposure to Hendra/Nipah-related henipaviruses in Eidolon dupreanum, Pteropus rufus, and Rousettus madagascariensis, to Cedar-related henipaviruses in E. dupreanum and R. madagascariensis and to Ebola-related filoviruses in P. rufus and R. madagascariensis. We demonstrated significant seasonality in population-level seroprevalence and individual serostatus for multiple viruses across these species, linked to the female reproductive calendar. An age-structured subset of the data highlighted evidence of waning maternal antibodies in neonates, increasing seroprevalence in young, and decreasing seroprevalence late in life. Comparison of mechanistic epidemiological models fit to these data offered support for transmission hypotheses permitting waning antibodies but retained immunity in adult-age bats. 5.Our findings suggest that bats may seasonally modulate mechanisms of pathogen control, with consequences for population-level transmission. Additionally, we narrow the field of candidate transmission hypotheses by which bats are presumed to host and transmit potentially zoonotic viruses globally. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Animals, Chiroptera, Humans, Filoviridae, Henipavirus Infections, Seroepidemiologic Studies, Infant, Newborn, Madagascar, Female
National Geographic Society (Young Explorer’s and Waitt grants to CEB) PIVOT (research grant to CEB) National Science Foundation (Dissertation Improvement Grant and Graduate Research Fellowship to CEB) Princeton University (Walbridge Research Fund Grant to CEB; Center for Health and Well-being Grant to CJM) a Biological Defense Research Directorate of the Naval Medical Research Center and the Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health (research grant AI054715 to CCB) Queensland Government Accelerate Postdoctoral Research Fellowship to AJP The Alborada Trust (JLNW)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12985
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/291848
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