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dc.contributor.authorAntoniou, Kyriakosen
dc.contributor.authorGrohmann, Kleanthes Ken
dc.contributor.authorKambanaros, Mariaen
dc.contributor.authorKatsos, Napoleonen
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-24T11:26:52Z
dc.date.available2019-05-24T11:26:52Z
dc.date.issued2016-04en
dc.identifier.issn0010-0277
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/293101
dc.description.abstractSeveral investigations report a positive effect of childhood bilingualism on executive control (EC). An issue that has remained largely unexamined is the role of the typological distance between the languages spoken by bilinguals. In the present study we focus on children who grow up with Cypriot Greek and Standard Modern Greek, two closely related varieties that differ from each other on all levels of language analysis (vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar). We compare the EC performance of such bilectal children to that of English-Greek multilingual children in Cyprus and Standard Modern Greek-speaking monolingual children in Greece. A principal component analysis on six indicators of EC revealed two distinct factors, which we interpreted as representing working memory and inhibition. Multilingual and bilectal children exhibited an advantage over monolinguals that was evident across EC factors and emerged only after statistically controlling for their lower language proficiency. These results demonstrate that similar EC advantages as previously reported for 'true' bilingual speakers can be found in bilectal children, which suggests that minimal typological distance between the varieties spoken by a child suffices to give rise to advantages in EC. They further indicate that the effect of speaking more than one language or dialect on EC performance is located across the EC system without a particular component being selectively affected. This has implications for models of the locus of the bilingual advantage in EC performance. Finally, they show that the emergence of EC advantages in bilinguals is moderated by the level of their language proficiency.
dc.description.sponsorshiparts of this research have been funded by an ESF Experimental Pragmatics Network (Euro-XPrag) collaborative grant to all authors, an ESRC Experimental Pragmatics Network in the UK (XPrag-UK; RES-810-21-0069), a Cambridge Humanities Grant, and an Isaac Newton Trust Research Grant to the first and fourth authors, and an Alexander Onassis Foundation scholarship for graduate studies to the first author.
dc.languageengen
dc.publisherhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027715301165?via%3Dihub#ak005
dc.subjectBilectalismen
dc.subjectExecutive controlen
dc.subjectMultilingualismen
dc.subjectTypological distanceen
dc.subjectChilden
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen
dc.subjectExecutive Functionen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectInhibition (Psychology)en
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectMemory, Short-Termen
dc.subjectMultilingualismen
dc.titleThe effect of childhood bilectalism and multilingualism on executive control.en
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage30
prism.publicationDate2016en
prism.publicationNameCognitionen
prism.startingPage18
prism.volume149en
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.40252
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-12-02en
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.cognition.2015.12.002en
rioxxterms.versionAM*
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2016-04en
dc.contributor.orcidKatsos, Napoleon [0000-0002-4722-674X]
dc.identifier.eissn1873-7838
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen
cam.issuedOnline2016-01-08en


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