The MYO6 interactome: selective motor-cargo complexes for diverse cellular processes
De Jonge, Janeska
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Buss, F., De Jonge, J., & Batters, C. (2019). The MYO6 interactome: selective motor-cargo complexes for diverse cellular processes. FEBS Letters https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.13486
Myosins of class VI (MYO6) are unique actin-based motor proteins that move cargo towards the minus ends of actin filaments. As the sole myosin with this directionality, it is critically important in a number of biological processes. Indeed, loss or overexpression of MYO6 in humans is linked to a variety of pathologies including deafness, cardiomyopathy, neurodegenerative diseases as well as cancer. This myosin interacts with a wide variety of direct binding partners such as the selective autophagy receptors optineurin, TAX1BP1 and NDP52 and also Dab2, GIPC, TOM1 and LMTK2, which mediate distinct functions of different MYO6 isoforms along the endocytic pathway. Functional proteomics has recently been used to identify the wider MYO6 interactome including several large functionally-distinct multi-protein complexes, which highlight the importance of this myosin in regulating the actin and septin cytoskeleton. Interestingly, adaptor-binding not only triggers cargo attachment, but also controls the inactive folded conformation of MYO6. Thus, the C-terminal tail domain mediates cargo recognition and binding, but is also crucial for modulating motor activity and regulating cytoskeletal track dynamics.
This work was funded by grants from the BBSRC (BB/R001316/1) and Medical Research Council (MR/N000048/1 and MR/S007776/1) to F.B. and a PhD studentship to J.J. de J. from the CIMR departmental funds.
Isaac Newton Trust (Minute 16.38(a))
MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (MR/N000048/1)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.13486
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/294213
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