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dc.contributor.authorMunkherdene, Gantulga
dc.contributor.authorSneath, David
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-31T10:10:45Z
dc.date.available2019-07-31T10:10:45Z
dc.date.issued2018-12
dc.identifier.issn0011-3204
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/295107
dc.description.abstractSince its emergence in the mid-1990s, unauthorized small-scale gold mining—widely known as “ninja mining”—has grown to become a central element of Mongolia’s informal economy, engaging tens of thousands of people in seasonal, unregulated, and occasionally dangerous labor. In this paper we set out to show that the story of ninja mining is illustrative of the wider transformation of political economy that Mongolia has experienced, in which a de facto public resource was created in the wake of the collapsed state socialist economy, only to be progressively privatized and enclosed by increasingly powerful mining company interests. We examine the implementation of a development project aimed at providing sustainable livelihoods for those engaged in unauthorized mining. Drawing upon anthropological critiques of development, we explore the ways in which the project, while arguably succeeding in its own terms, failed to meet the expectations of the miners involved. Committed as it was to working within the new private property regime for land introduced by “neoliberal” reforms, the project constructed the ninja “problem” in terms of a lack of formalization and training. It was ultimately unable to address the fundamental issues of property relations and access to resources that lie at the heart of the ninja phenomenon.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherUniversity of Chicago Press
dc.titleEnclosing the Gold-Mining Commons of Mongolia: The Vanishing Ninja and the Development Project as Resource
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage838
prism.issueIdentifier6
prism.publicationDate2018
prism.publicationNameCurrent Anthropology
prism.startingPage814
prism.volume59
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.42179
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-09-22
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1086/700961
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-12
dc.contributor.orcidSneath, David [0000-0002-3436-6938]
dc.identifier.eissn1537-5382
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2018-12-13
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2019-12-13


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