Specialization of the <i>Drosophila</i> nuclear export family protein Nxf3 for piRNA precursor export.
Preall, Jonathan B
Genes & development
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
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Kneuss, E., Munafò, M., Eastwood, E. L., Deumer, U., Preall, J. B., Hannon, G., & Czech, B. (2019). Specialization of the <i>Drosophila</i> nuclear export family protein Nxf3 for piRNA precursor export.. Genes & development, 33 (17-18), 1208-1220. https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.328690.119
The piRNA pathway is a conserved, small RNA-based immune system that protects animal germ cell genomes from the harmful effects of transposon mobilisation. In Drosophila ovaries, most piRNAs originate from dual-strand clusters, which generate piRNAs from both genomic strands. Dual-strand clusters use non-canonical transcription mechanisms. Although transcribed by RNA polymerase II, cluster transcripts lack splicing signatures and poly(A) tails. mRNA processing is important for general mRNA export mediated by Nuclear export factor 1. Although UAP56, a component of the transcription and export complex, has been implicated in piRNA precursor export, it remains unknown how dual-strand cluster transcripts are specifically targeted for piRNA biogenesis by export from the nucleus to cytoplasmic processing centers. Here we report that dual-strand cluster transcript export requires CG13741/Bootlegger and the Drosophila Nuclear export factor family protein, Nxf3. Bootlegger is specifically recruited to piRNA clusters and in turn brings Nxf3. We find that Nxf3 specifically binds to piRNA precursors and is essential for their export to piRNA biogenesis sites, a process that is critical for germline transposon silencing. Our data shed light on how dual-strand clusters compensate for a lack of canonical features of mature mRNAs to be specifically exported via Nxf3, ensuring proper piRNA production.
Animals, Drosophila, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins, RNA-Binding Proteins, Drosophila Proteins, RNA, Small Interfering, RNA Precursors, DNA Transposable Elements, Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
WELLCOME TRUST (110161/Z/15/Z)
Cancer Research UK (C14303/A17197)
Cancer Research UK (C14303_do not transfer)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.328690.119
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/295817
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