Fluctuations in the Kinetics of Linear Protein Self-Assembly.
Dear, Alexander J
Kirkegaard, Julius B
Weitz, David A
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
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Michaels, T., Dear, A. J., Kirkegaard, J. B., Saar, K., Weitz, D. A., & Knowles, T. (2016). Fluctuations in the Kinetics of Linear Protein Self-Assembly.. Physical Review Letters, 116 (25), 258103-258103. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.258103
Biological systems are characterized by compartmentalization from the subcellular to the tissue level, and thus reactions in small volumes are ubiquitous in living systems. Under such conditions, statistical number fluctuations, which are commonly negligible in bulk reactions, can become dominant and lead to stochastic behavior. We present here a stochastic model of protein filament formation in small volumes. We show that two principal regimes emerge for the system behavior, a small fluctuation regime close to bulk behavior and a large fluctuation regime characterized by single rare events. Our analysis shows that in both regimes the reaction lag-time scales inversely with the system volume, unlike in bulk. Finally, we use our stochastic model to connect data from small-volume microdroplet experiments of amyloid formation to bulk aggregation rates, and show that digital analysis of an ensemble of protein aggregation reactions taking place under microconfinement provides an accurate measure of the rate of primary nucleation of protein aggregates, a process that has been challenging to quantify from conventional bulk experiments.
Amyloid, Kinetics, Protein Multimerization, Stochastic Processes
We are grateful to St. John’s College, Cambridge (T. C. T. M., J. B. K.), the Schiff Foundation (A. J. D.), the EPSRC (K. L. S.), NSF Grant No. DMR-1310266 (D. A. W.), the Harvard MRSEC Grant No. DMR1420570 (D. A. W.), BBSRC (T. P. J. K.), ERC (T. C. T. M., T. P. J. K.), and Frances and Augustus Newman Foundation (T. P. J. K.) for financial support.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.258103
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296171
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