Age-related retinal thickness in Down's syndrome: A high-risk population for dementia.
Normando, Eduardo M
Jennings, Sally R
Wilson, Liam R
Cordeiro, M Francesca
Alzheimer's & dementia (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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Walpert, M., Normando, E. M., Annus, T., Jennings, S. R., Wilson, L. R., Watson, P., Zaman, S., et al. (2019). Age-related retinal thickness in Down's syndrome: A high-risk population for dementia.. Alzheimer's & dementia (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 11 744-751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dadm.2019.08.007
INTRODUCTION: People with Down’s syndrome (DS) have a high prevalence of early onset Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Early markers of AD pathology identifiable before clinical change are needed for the evaluation of preventative treatments. The retina, an extension of the brain, may provide a non invasive imaging site. METHODS: Forty nine adults with DS and 36 age matched controls completed retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) assessments using optical coherence tomography (OCT). RNFL thickness was analysed in relation to cognitive status and age, and previously acquired cortical thickness and cerebral amyloid (Aβ) binding data in a subgroup. RESULTS: RNFL thickness was greater in the DS group and did not show age related thinning. RNFL correlated positively with cognitive scores and cortical thickness and was reduced in participants with positive cerebral Aβ binding, DISCUSSION: Increased RNFL in adults with DS may represent early AD related changes. Thinning was present in those with cerebral Aβ binding, independent of age.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dadm.2019.08.007
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296368
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