Contrasting patterns of longitudinal population dynamics and antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in two priority bacterial pathogens over 7 years in a single center.
Boinett, Christine J
Brown, Nicholas M
Török, M Estée
Thomson, Nicholas R
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Ellington, M. J., Heinz, E., Wailan, A. M., Dorman, M., de Goffau, M., Cain, A. K., Henson, S. P., et al. (2019). Contrasting patterns of longitudinal population dynamics and antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in two priority bacterial pathogens over 7 years in a single center.. Genome biology, 20 (1), 184. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-019-1785-1
BACKGROUND Two of the most important pathogens contributing to the global rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae. Despite this, most of our knowledge about the changing patterns of disease caused by these two pathogens is based on studies with limited timeframes that provide few insights into their population dynamics or the dynamics in AMR elements that they can carry. RESULTS We investigate the population dynamics of two priority AMR pathogens over 7?years between 2007 and 2012 in a major UK hospital, spanning changes made to UK national antimicrobial prescribing policy in 2007. Between 2006 and 2012, K. pneumoniae showed epidemiological cycles of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) lineages being replaced approximately every 2 years. This contrasted E. cloacae where there was no temporally changing pattern, but a continuous presence of the mixed population. CONCLUSIONS The differing patterns of clonal replacement and acquisition of mobile elements shows that the flux in the K. pneumoniae population was linked to the introduction of globally recognized MDR clones carrying drug resistance markers on mobile elements. However, E. cloacae carries a chromosomally encoded ampC conferring resistance to front-line treatments and shows that MDR plasmid acquisition in E. cloacae was not indicative of success in the hospital. This led to markedly different dynamics in the AMR populations of these two pathogens and shows that the mechanism of the resistance and its location in the genome or mobile elements is crucial to predict population dynamics of opportunistic pathogens in clinical settings.
Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Population Dynamics, Drug Resistance, Bacterial, Conserved Sequence, Genome, Bacterial, Genetic Variation
Academy of Medical Sciences (unknown)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-019-1785-1
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/296562
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/