Inhibition-Related Cortical Hypoconnectivity as a Candidate Vulnerability Marker for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging
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Hampshire, A., Zadel, A., Sandrone, S., Soreq, E., Fineberg, N., Bullmore, E., Robbins, T., et al. (2020). Inhibition-Related Cortical Hypoconnectivity as a Candidate Vulnerability Marker for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.. Biological psychiatry. Cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging, 5 (2), 222-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2019.09.010
Background: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a prevalent neuropsychiatric condition, with biological models implicating disruption of cortically-mediated inhibitory control pathways, ordinarily serving to regulate our environmental responses and habits. The aim of this study was to evaluate inhibition-related cortical dysconnectivity as a novel candidate vulnerability marker of OCD. Methods: N=20 patients with OCD, N=18 clinically asymptomatic first-degree relatives of OCD patients, and N=20 controls took part in a neuroimaging study comprising a fMRI Stop-Signal task. Brain activations during the contrasts of interest were cluster thresholded, and a three-dimensional watershed algorithm was used to decompose activation maps into discrete clusters. Functional connections between these key neural nodes were examined using a generalized Psychophysical Interaction (gPPI) model. Results: The three groups did not differ in terms of age, education levels, gender, IQ, or behavioural task parameters. OCD patients exhibited hyperactivation of bilateral occipital cortex during the task, versus the other groups. Compared to controls, OCD patients and their relatives exhibited significantly reduced connectivity between neural nodes including frontal cortical, middle occipital cortical, and cerebellar regions, during the Stop-Signal task. Conclusions: These findings indicate that hypo-connectivity between anterior and posterior cortical regions during inhibitory control represents a candidate vulnerability marker for OCD. Such vulnerability markers, if found to generalize, may be valuable to shed light on aetiological processes contributing not only to OCD, but also OC-Related Disorders more widely.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2019.09.010
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/297342
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Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/