Linking confined electron spins through coherent light-matter interaction.
University of Cambridge
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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Stockill, R. H. J. (2017). Linking confined electron spins through coherent light-matter interaction. (Doctoral thesis). https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.44419
Electron spins confined to self-assembled quantum dots are considered as nodes for a coherent optical network capable of supporting distributed quantum states. Through a series of experiments, the work contributing to this dissertation examines some of the key criteria for constructing such a network. First, the ability to optically extract a coherent spin state from the quantum dot without perturbing the nuclear environment is explored: nuclear feedback is an issue that has frustrated previous studies into electron spin coherence in these systems. With the novel techniques we develop, we identify and characterise the previously undetermined intrinsic mechanisms that govern the coherence of the central spin. We show how the coherence of the electron spin is intimately related to the growth of these strained nanostructures. Second, a model network is constructed in which two spins confined to separate quantum dots are projected into a highly entangled state. This is the first time electron spins in distant quantum dots have been entangled, and in doing so we demonstrate controllable entanglement generation at the highest rates recorded for optically accessible qubit definitions. We investigate the realisation of a hybrid quantum network by demonstrating the first interconnect between wholly different single quantum systems: a semiconductor quantum dot and a trapped ytterbium ion. In forming an optical link between these two complementary qubit definitions, we show that we can circumvent their intrinsic optical differences through coherent photon generation at the quantum dot. A network built from these diverse constituents could combine the ultrafast operations self-assembled quantum dots enable with the long coherence times states in trapped ions experience. Finally, in a step towards truly scalable entanglement generation between quantum dot spins, we design minimally invasive structures that will funnel large proportions of the optical dipole field from the optically dense material that surrounds the quantum dot. The techniques developed in this work and the knowledge gained from their operation should enable the demonstration the creation of high-order nonlocal states between quantum dot spins, single photons and trapped ions, as well as the development of new optically active systems that will benefit from enhanced spin coherence.
Quantum Optics, Quantum Dots, Quantum Entanglement, Quantum Information, Spins
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.44419
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