Mingiyan Lidzhiev, about the Torghuts and Khoshuds
Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge
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Terbish, B. (2019). Mingiyan Lidzhiev, about the Torghuts and Khoshuds [Video file]. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.44694
Mingiyan recounts the history, composition and movement of various Torghut and Khoshud clans: Many years ago the Torghuts were divided into several ulus, including Iki-Tsokhurovsky, Baga-Tsokhurovsky, Erketenevsky and Yanga ulus. Kharakhusovsky ulus was formed later. Iki-Tsokhurovsky and Baga-Tsokhurovsky ulus were headed by khans and nobility (noyon). Initially, Tsokhurovsky ulus was headed by Ayuka Khan himself. Later it was divided into two by his descendants. Ayuka Khan's maternal grandfather was Batur Khuntaiji, ruler of Dzungaria, with whom Ayuka Khan spent his childhood when there were troubles in the Volga. Ayuka Khan's wife was Darma-Bala whose subjects followed her to the Volga and formed the Zyungar aimak inside Iki-Tsokhurovsky ulus. Today this aimak is called Zyungar collective farm, which is near the village of Chilgir. Half of the aimak later moved to Erketenevsky ulus where they formed the Iki-Khapchin, Baga-Khapchin, and Zyungar clans. Many clans lived in Erketenevsky ulus, including Merkit, Naiman, Keryad, Khookchud, Iki-Khapchin, Baga-Khapchin, Bagud, Tsaatan. Due to their large populations, Bagud and Tsaatan were further divided into clans. Yandyko-Mochazhny ulus, named after its ruled Yandyk noyon, was formed later by the people from Erketenevsky ulus. Kharakhusovsky ulus, which encompasses Keryad, Merkit and other clans, was formed in the 19th century. Baga-Tsokhurovsky ulus was inhabited by many clans too, including Merkit, Keryad, Iki-Khoshud and Baga-Khoshud. Iki-Khoshud and Baga-Khoshud people, who are originally from Khosheutovsky ulus and are Khoit, today live in the village of Polynny: They came to the Volga after Dzungaria’s defeat and became part of Khosheutovsky ulus. Later when Ubashi Khan took the Kalmyks back to Dzungaria, two sons of the Khoshud leader Zamian noyon joined Ubashi Khan, and one son who remained in Kalmykia died of illness.
Sponsored by Arcadia Fund, a charitable fund of Lisbet Rausing and Peter Baldwin
This record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.44694