Continuous-Flow Synthesis of Carbon-Coated Silicon/Iron Silicide Secondary Particles for Li-Ion Batteries.
Groombridge, Alexander S
De La Verpilliere, Jean
Lee, Jung Tae
American Chemical Society
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Jo, C., Groombridge, A. S., De La Verpilliere, J., Lee, J. T., Son, Y., Liang, H., Boies, A., & et al. (2020). Continuous-Flow Synthesis of Carbon-Coated Silicon/Iron Silicide Secondary Particles for Li-Ion Batteries.. ACS nano, 14 (1), 698-707. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b07473
The development of better Li-ion battery (LIB) electrodes requires an orchestrated effort to improve the active materials, as well as the electron and ion transport in the electrode. In this paper, iron-silicide is studied as an anode material for LIBs because of its higher conductivity and lower volume expansion compared to pure Si particles. In addition, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be synthesized from the surface of iron-silicides using a continuous flow coating process where precursors are first spray dried into micrometer scale secondary particles and are then flown through a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactor. The CNTs inside the secondary particles are important for short-range electrical transport and good utilization of the active material. Surface-bound CNTs on the secondary particles may help establishing a long-range conductivity. We also observed that these spherical secondary particles allow for better electrode coating quality, cyclability, and rate performance than unstructured materials with the same composition. The developed electrodes retain a gravimetric capacity of 1150 mAh/g over 300 cycles at 1A/g, as well as a 43% capacity retention at a rate of 5 C. Further, blended electrodes with graphite delivered a 539 mAh/g with high electrode density (~1.6 g/cc) and areal capacity (~3.5 mAh/cm2) with stable cycle performance.
EPSRC ANAM grant (EP/M015211/1), ERC starting grant (HIENA – 337739) and MSCA-IF 796648 – URCHIN.
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sklodowska-Curie actions (796648)
European Research Council (337739)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b07473
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/299996
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