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dc.contributor.authorZhao, S
dc.contributor.authorWithington, S
dc.contributor.authorGoldie, DJ
dc.contributor.authorThomas, CN
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-19T17:05:22Z
dc.date.available2019-12-19T17:05:22Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn0022-2291
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/300139
dc.description.abstractSuperconducting thin-films are central to the operation of many kinds of quantum sensors and quantum computing devices: Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs), Travelling-Wave Parametric Amplifiers (TWPAs), Qubits, and Spin-based Quantum Memory elements. In all cases, the nonlinearity resulting from the supercurrent is a critical aspect of behaviour, either because it is central to the operation of the device (TWPA), or because it results in non-ideal second-order effects (KID). Here we present an analysis of supercurrent carrying superconducting thin-films that is based on the generalized Usadel equations. Our analysis framework is suitable for both homogeneous and multilayer thin-films, and can be used to calculate the resulting density of states, superconducting transition temperature, superconducting critical current, complex conductivities, complex surface impedances, transmission line propagation constants, and nonlinear kinetic inductances in the presence of supercurrent. Our analysis gives the scale of kinetic inductance nonlinearity (I*) for a given material combination and geometry, and is important in optimizing the design of detectors and amplifiers in terms of materials, geometries, and dimensions. To investigate the validity of our analysis across a wide range of supercurrent, we have measured the transition temperatures of superconducting thin-films as a function of DC supercurrent. These measurements show good agreement with our theoretical predictions in the experimentally relevant range of current values.
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleNonlinear Properties of Supercurrent-Carrying Single- and Multi-Layer Thin-Film Superconductors
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage44
prism.issueIdentifier1-2
prism.publicationDate2020
prism.publicationNameJournal of Low Temperature Physics
prism.startingPage34
prism.volume199
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.47209
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-12-11
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s10909-019-02306-3
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-04-01
dc.contributor.orcidZhao, S [0000-0002-5712-6937]
dc.identifier.eissn1573-7357
dc.publisher.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10909-019-02306-3
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idScience and Technology Facilities Council (ST/M000818/1)
pubs.funder-project-idScience and Technology Facilities Council (ST/R00062X/1)
cam.issuedOnline2020-01-09
cam.orpheus.successThu Jan 30 10:34:54 GMT 2020 - The item has an open VoR version.
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2100-01-01


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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)