Synthesising arguments and the extended evolutionary synthesis.
Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
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Buskell, A. (2020). Synthesising arguments and the extended evolutionary synthesis.. Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences, 80 101244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2019.101244
Synthesising arguments motivate changes to the conceptual tools, theoretical structure, and evaluatory framework employed in a given scientific domain. Recently, a broad coalition of researchers has put forward a synthesising argument in favour of an extended evolutionary synthesis (‘EES’). Often this synthesising argument is evaluated using a virtue-based approach, which construes the EES as a wholesale alternative to prevailing practice. Here I argue this virtue-based approach is unsuited to evaluate synthesising arguments. Taking the central concept of niche construction as a case study, I show that an agenda-based approach better captures the pragmatic and epistemological goals of the EES synthesising arguments and diagnoses areas of empirical disagreement with prevailing practice.
Dissent and Disputes, Models, Theoretical, Biological Evolution
Isaac Newton Trust, Leverhulme Trust
John Templeton Foundation (via University of St Andrews) (13337)
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2019.101244
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/300512
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/