Development of the Recommended Summary Plan for eEmergency Care and Treatment (ReSPECT).
Ahmedzai, Sam H
ReSPECT working group collaborators,
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Hawkes, C. A., Fritz, Z., Deas, G., Ahmedzai, S. H., Richardson, A., Pitcher, D., Spiller, J., et al. (2020). Development of the Recommended Summary Plan for eEmergency Care and Treatment (ReSPECT).. Resuscitation, 148 98-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.01.003
Introduction Do-not-attempt-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation (DNACPR) practice has been shown to be variable and sub-optimal. This paper describes the development of the Recommended Summary Plan for Emergency Care and Treatment (ReSPECT). ReSPECT is a process which encourages shared understanding of a patient’s condition and what outcomes they value and fear, before recording clinical recommendations about cardiopulmonary-resuscitation (CPR) within a broader plan for emergency care and treatment. Methods ReSPECT was developed iteratively, with integral stakeholder engagement, informed by the Knowledge-to-Action cycle. Mixed methods included: synthesis of existing literature; a national online consultation exercise; cognitive interviews with users; a patient-public involvement (PPI) workshop and a usability pilot, to ensure acceptability by both patients and professionals. Results The majority (89%) of consultation respondents supported the concept of emergency care and treatment plans. Key features identified in the evaluation and incorporated into ReSPECT were: The importance of discussions between patient and clinician to inform realistic treatment preferences and clarity in the resulting recommendations recorded by the clinician on the form. The process is compliant with UK mental capacity laws. Documentation should be recognised across all health and care settings. There should be opportunity for timely review based on individual need. Conclusion ReSPECT is designed to facilitate discussions about a person’s preferences to inform emergency care and treatment plans (including CPR) for use across all health and care settings. It has been developed iteratively with a range of stakeholders. Further research will be needed to assess the influence of ReSPECT on patient-centred decisions, experience and health outcomes.
ReSPECT working group collaborators
Gavin Perkins’ and Claire Hawkes’ employer, the University of Warwick, received funding from the Resuscitation Council UK to conduct the evaluation. Professors Richardson and Perkins are National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Senior Investigators. Professor Perkins is an Editor of Resuscitation. All authors contributed to the development of ReSPECT. The development of ReSPECT was funded by the Resuscitation Council UK, with some contribution from the Royal College of Nursing. AR’s contribution to the evaluation was facilitated through funding from the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (NIHR CLAHRC) Wessex. Funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript. The views expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Resuscitation Council UK, the Royal College of Nursing, the NHS, the NIHR, or the Department of Health.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.01.003
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/300705
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Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/