The effect of double diffusion on entrainment in turbulent plumes
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Cambridge University Press
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Dadonau, M., Partridge, J., & Linden, P. (2020). The effect of double diffusion on entrainment in turbulent plumes. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 884 (A6)https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.925
We investigate experimentally the effect of double diffusion in the salt-fingering configuration on entrainment in turbulent plumes. Plumes over a range of source buoyancy fluxes and source density ratios 𝜌 are examined. When the plumes are double diffusive ( 𝜌 ) the entrainment coefficient 𝛼 is not constant, with an up to 20 % reduction from the value found for single-diffusive plumes, that is, plumes with 𝜌 . The scale of reduction is found to be in direct relation to the source density ratio and is inversely related to the distance travelled by the plume, indicating that double-diffusive effects decrease as the plume evolves. We propose an explanation for the observed reduction in the entrainment coefficient on the basis of differential diffusion hindering large-scale engulfment at the edge of the plume.
plumes, thermals, double-diffusive convection
We acknowledge funding from the EPSRC under the Programme Grant EP/K034529/1 ‘Mathematical Underpinnings of Stratified Turbulence’ (MUST), and from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant no. 742480 ‘Stratified Turbulence And Mixing Processes’ (STAMP). M.D. is supported by the Gates Cambridge Scholarship.
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (742480)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.925
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/300732