SIRS Triggered by Acute Right Ventricular Function, Mimicked Septic Shock.
Tan, Thuan Tong
Goh, Brian K P
Ong, Sharon G K
Journal of critical care medicine (Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie din Targu-Mures)
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He, Y., Ong, J., Tan, T. T., Goh, B. K. P., & Ong, S. G. K. (2019). SIRS Triggered by Acute Right Ventricular Function, Mimicked Septic Shock.. Journal of critical care medicine (Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie din Targu-Mures), 5 (4), 149-156. https://doi.org/10.2478/jccm-2019-0022
Background:The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a complex immune response which can be precipitated by non-infectious aetiologies such as trauma, burns or pancreatitis. Addressing the underlying cause is crucial because it can be associated with increased mortality. Although the current literature associates chronic heart failure with SIRS, acute right ventricular dysfunction has not previously been reported to trigger SIRS. This case report describes the presentation of acute right ventricular dysfunction that triggered SIRS and mimicked septic shock. Case presentation:A 70-year-old male presented to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with elevated inflammatory markers and refractory hypotension after a robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical choledochectomy with pancreaticoduodenectomy. Septic shock was misdiagnosed, and he was later found to have a pulmonary embolus. Thrombectomy and antimicrobials had no significant efect on lowering the elevated inflammatory markers or improving the persistent hypotension. Through Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS), right ventricular dysfunction was diagnosed. Treatment with intravenous milrinone improved blood pressure, normalised inflammatory markers and led to a prompt discharge from the ICU. Conclusion:Acute right ventricular dysfunction can trigger SIRS, which may mimic septic shock and delay appropriate treatment.
Sepsis, Systemic inflammatory response syndrome, Septic shock, Acute Right Ventricular Dysfunction, Acute Right Ventricular Failure, Point Of Care Ultrasound (Pocus)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jccm-2019-0022
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/301894
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Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/