About this collection

Chengde, the former imperial summer capital of the Qing dynasty, is central to understanding the Qing policy towards Torghuts and other Mongolian groups. As the site where Ubashi Khan, the Kalmyk/Torghut leader who led the return migration from Russia, had an audience with Qianglong Emperor in late 1771, Chengde has a number of monuments marking the Qing welcome of the Torghuts and conquest of the Jungar Empire. The Mongols here, numbering less than 1,000, are mainly Ööld, an Oirat subgroup, who were resettled in Chengde from Jungaria in the mid-18th century. In the thick of the Chinese population, they have long lost their native language, but they have recently started to revitalise their scattered community through re-establishing their relationship with the Anyuan Monastery in Chengde and the Torghuts and Öölds in Xinjiang and Hulunbuir.

Recent Submissions

  • Modern History of Chengde 

    Bulag, Uradyn E.; Dorjraa (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2015-08-10)
    Zhao Zixin says that the Zhao family of the Dashdawa Mongols guarded the Summer Capital during the Qing dynasty, but their duty came to an end abruptly at the collapse of the Qing. Since there was no more income, his ...
  • Explaining Dashdawa Mongol History to Elders 

    Bulag, Uradyn E.; Burunsain, Borjigin; Dorjraa (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2015-07-14)
    This video shows Wang Yanhong explaining the Dashdawa Mongol history to the representatives of five Dashdawa Mongol surname groups. He says that initially, about 1,000 Ööld people arrived at Chengde in 1757, followed by ...
  • Explaining Dashdawa Daily Life 

    Bulag, Uradyn E.; Dorjraa (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2015-07-20)
    This video is about the life experience of two extended families of the Dashdawa Mongols in Chengde: Zhao and Du. Du Jinsheng’s grandfather was called Du Batu and was a member of the Bordered Blue Banner (镶蓝旗). Zhao Zhixun ...
  • Ethnic Classification 

    Bulag, Uradyn E.; Burunsain, Borjigin; Dorjraa (Kalmyk Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, University of Cambridge, 2015-07-20)
    According to the discussion conducted by Dashdawa Mongol representatives in the video, they have always been officially recognised as Mongol since the Qing period till today. During the Cultural Revolution, however, under ...

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