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dc.contributor.authorNeyroud, Peter
dc.contributor.authorKarrholm, Fredrik
dc.contributor.authorSmaaland, John
dc.description.abstractAbstract Research Question Which method for deriving a crime harm index (Sherman et al 2016) for Sweden from criminal justice sources offers the best evidence for providing a sensitive indicator of differences in harm levels across offence categories? Data The number of days of imprisonment for each offence category associated with five different kinds of scales were extracted and compared: consensus by an expert panel of judges, the statutory maximum penalties, statutory minimum penalties, the average of maximum and minimum penalties, and the average of actual sentences imposed in a recent time period for each crime type. Unlike the UK, for which the Cambridge Crime Harm Index draws on sentencing guidelines, Sweden has no such guidelines to offer. Methods The data were compared for sensitivity defined as the difference in length of imprisonment days between high and low severity crimes, as well as other characteristics of the data sources. Findings Given the available alternatives, the sentencing data average of actual sentences handed down by crime type provided the greatest reliability and sensitivity across the penalties for offences of high and low severity. Applying that method to both crime trends and crime mapping produces substantially different results from counting all crimes with equal weight, and can be used by police and others to allocate resources with greater precision in relation to harm prevention. Conclusions On both empirical and normative grounds, the average sentences in a recent time period for each crime category provides the most sensitive and democratic method for establishing an officially recognized Swedish Crime Harm Index. KEY WORDS Crime Harm Index Average Sentences Crime Trends Crime Maps
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
dc.titleDesigning the Swedish Crime Harm Index: an evidence-based strategy
prism.publicationNameCambridge Journal of Evidence-based Policing
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.orpheus.successMon May 03 07:39:43 BST 2021 - The item has an open VoR version.

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)