Down syndrome and parental depression: A double hit on early expressive language development.
Research in developmental disabilities
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D'Souza, H., Lathan, A., Karmiloff-Smith, A., & Mareschal, D. (2020). Down syndrome and parental depression: A double hit on early expressive language development.. Research in developmental disabilities, 100 103613. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103613
Background and Aims: Down syndrome (DS) is often characterised by intellectual disability with particular difficulties in expressive language. However, large individual differences exist in expressive language across development in DS. In the general population, one of the factors associated with variability in this domain is parental depression. We investigated whether this is also the case in young children with DS. Methods: Thirty-eight children with DS between 8 and 48 months of age participated in this study. Their parents reported on children’s receptive and expressive vocabularies (MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory) and on parental depression. Furthermore, an experimenter-led standardized developmental assessment (Mullen Scales of Early Learning) was administered to the children to test five domains: gross motor, fine motor, visual reception, receptive language, and expressive language. Results: A cross-sectional developmental trajectories analysis demonstrated that expressive language developed at a slower rate in children with DS whose parent reported depression than in those whose parent did not. No differences between groups were found in any other domain. Conclusion: Parental depression is associated with slower rate of expressive language development in young children with DS. These findings highlight that DS and parental depression may constitute a double hit leading to increased difficulties in the development of expressive language.
Humans, Down Syndrome, Cross-Sectional Studies, Language Development, Parents, Depressive Disorder, Vocabulary, Adult, Middle Aged, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Child of Impaired Parents, Female, Male
The Wellcome Trust; The Waterloo Foundation; The Baily Thomas Charitable Fund; Newnham College, University of Cambridge; The Isaac Newton Trust
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103613
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/303437
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/