Design Principles for Aqueous Interactive Materials: Lessons from Small Molecules and Stimuli-Responsive Systems.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
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McCune, J. A., Mommer, S., Parkins, C. C., & Scherman, O. (2020). Design Principles for Aqueous Interactive Materials: Lessons from Small Molecules and Stimuli-Responsive Systems.. Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 32 (20), e1906890. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201906890
Interactive materials are at the forefront of current materials research with few examples in the literature. Researchers have been inspired by nature to design and develop mate- rials, which can modulate and adapt their behavior in accordance with their surroundings. The past decades have seen the development of stimuli-responsive systems which, although often described as smart, lack the ability to act autonomously and are typically static and free of influence from their environment. Nevertheless, these systems have attracted much attention on account of the resultant materials’ ability to change their properties in a predicable manner with an applied stimulus. Thus, stimuli-responsive materials have found application in a plethora of areas including drug delivery, artificial muscles, camouflage systems etc. Stimuli- responsive materials are now serving as the precursors and basis for the design and realization of the next generation of interactive materials. The interest in these systems has resulted in a library of well developed chemical motifs how- ever, there is a fundamental gap between stimuli-responsive and interactive materials. In this perspective, we aim to out- line the current state-of-the-art stimuli-responsive materials with a specific emphasis on aqueous macroscopic interactive materials. Compartmentalization, critical for achieving interactivity, relies on hydrophobic, hydrophilic, supramolecular, ionic interactions, which are commonly present in aqueous systems and enable complex self-assembly processes. We outline the relevant examples of aqueous interactive materials that do exist and suggest design principles that should be followed to realize the next generation of materials with embedded autonomous function.
JAM thanks ESPRC for an IAA KTF M is grateful for a Newton International Fellowship OAS is thankful to ERC Consolidator Grant CAM-RIG
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (726470)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201906890
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/303969
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