Modelling the cleaning of viscoplastic layers by impinging coherent turbulent water jets
Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
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Fernandes, R., & Wilson, I. (2020). Modelling the cleaning of viscoplastic layers by impinging coherent turbulent water jets. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 282 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnnfm.2020.104314
Impinging liquid jets are widely used to clean unwanted soil layers from the walls of structures and vessels. When the soil is a thin layer of an immiscible viscoplastic material, removal involves the growth of a cleared area (which is circular for a jet impinging normally) bounded by a berm of displaced material. Glover et al.  presented a semi-empirical model relating the rate of removal to the momentum flow rate in the liquid film. We present a first-order model for cleaning thin layers of these materials based on the rate of rate of viscous dissipation in a shallow wedge of material at the cleaning front. This yields a result of the form of the model in , with expressions linking the kinetic parameters to measurable quantities including the rheology of the soil. The fully coupled problem is not solved: the wedge angle and residual layer thickness need to be specified and were obtained here by fitting to the data. The model is compared with experimental results obtained for three soft solids two petroleum jellies and a soft paraffin which exhibited Bingham plastic behaviour and creep, for jet Reynolds numbers between 10,000-37,000, and 0.1 < < 1.5, where is the average film depth and the layer thickness. The data show reasonable agreement with the model.
A PhD studentship for RRF from the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001 is gratefully acknowledged.
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnnfm.2020.104314
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/305561
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Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/