Distal lung epithelial progenitor cell function declines with age.
Finch, Donna K
Nature Publishing Group
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Watson, J. K., Sanders, P., Dunmore, R., Rosignoli, G., Julé, Y., Rawlins, E., Mustelin, T., et al. (2020). Distal lung epithelial progenitor cell function declines with age.. Scientific reports, 10 (1), 10490. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66966-y
Tissue stem cell exhaustion is a key hallmark of aging, and in this study, we characterised its manifestation in the distal lung. We compared the lungs of 3- and 22-month old mice. We examined the gross morphological changes in these lungs, the density and function of epithelial progenitor populations and the epithelial gene expression profile. Bronchioles became smaller in their cross-sectional area and diameter. Using long-term EdU incorporation analysis and immunohistochemistry, we found that bronchiolar cell density remained stable with aging, but inferred rates of bronchiolar club progenitor cell self-renewal and differentiation were reduced, indicative of an overall slowdown in cellular turnover. Alveolar Type II progenitor cell density and self-renewal were maintained per unit tissue area with aging, but rates of inferred differentiation into Type I cells, and indeed overall density of Type I cells was reduced. Microarray analysis revealed age-related changes in multiple genes, including some with roles in proliferation and differentiation, and in IGF and TGFβ signalling pathways. By characterising how lung stem cell dynamics change with aging, this study will elucidate how they contribute to age-related loss of pulmonary function, and pathogenesis of common age-related pulmonary diseases.
Stem Cells, Animals, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Signal Transduction, Cell Differentiation, Cell Proliferation, Aging, Respiratory Physiological Phenomena, Bronchioles, Alveolar Epithelial Cells
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66966-y
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/307730
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/