Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorByrne, Elizabeth M
dc.contributor.authorEwbank, Michael P
dc.contributor.authorGathercole, Susan
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Joni
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-13T23:30:35Z
dc.date.available2020-07-13T23:30:35Z
dc.date.issued2020-06
dc.identifier.issn0278-2626
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/307899
dc.description.abstractTranscranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to enhance the efficacy and generalisation of working memory (WM) training, but there has been little systematic investigation into how coupling task-specific WM training with stimulation impacts more specifically on transfer to untrained tasks. This randomised controlled trial investigated the boundary conditions to transfer by testing firstly whether the benefits of training on backward digit recall (BDR) extend to untrained backward recall tasks and n-back tasks with different materials, and secondly which, if any, form of transfer is enhanced by tDCS. Forty-eight participants were allocated to one of three conditions: BDR training with anodal (10 min, 1 mA) or sham tDCS, or visual search training with sham tDCS, applied over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Transfer was assessed on within- (backward recall with digits, letters, and spatial locations) and cross-paradigm (n-back with digits and letters) transfer tests following three sessions of training and stimulation. On-task training gains were found, with transfer to other backward span but not n-back tasks. There was little evidence that tDCS enhanced on-task training or transfer. These findings indicate that training enhances paradigm-specific processes within WM, but that tDCS does not enhance these gains.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectPrefrontal Cortex
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectLearning
dc.subjectMemory, Short-Term
dc.subjectMental Recall
dc.subjectTranscranial Direct Current Stimulation
dc.titleThe effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on within- and cross-paradigm transfer following multi-session backward recall training.
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationDate2020
prism.publicationNameBrain Cogn
prism.startingPage105552
prism.volume141
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.54992
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-02-19
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105552
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-06
dc.contributor.orcidGathercole, Susan [0000-0001-6618-586X]
dc.contributor.orcidHolmes, Joni [0000-0002-6821-2793]
dc.identifier.eissn1090-2147
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idMedical Research Council (MC_UU_00005/2)
cam.issuedOnline2020-03-19


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International