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dc.contributor.authorCampana, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorGelsthorpe, Loraine
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-14T23:30:31Z
dc.date.available2020-07-14T23:30:31Z
dc.date.issued2021-03
dc.identifier.issn0928-1371
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/307962
dc.description.abstract<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>This paper explores how transactions between smugglers and migrants come about in the context of irregular migration. We first offer some theoretical reflections on the challenges that such a context poses to both parties—smugglers and migrants—and point to three main conditions under which smuggling transactions take place: illegality, asymmetrical information and low trust. Next, we explore the strategies that migrants and smugglers alike may employ to overcome these challenges. We focus on three broad sets of strategies related to information-gathering, to information-checking (reputation and the role of physical and virtual communities) and to developing substitutes for trust (guarantees, escrow services and hostage-taking strategies <jats:italic>à la</jats:italic> Thomas Schelling). To illustrate our reasoning, we draw on examples from published works as well as from a novel set of 43 qualitative interviews with migrants recently smuggled to Europe. Such interviews were carried out in a destination country (England) and in a transit country (Greece). Evidence from this work supports previous calls to move away from a simplistic “predator-victim” discourse.</jats:p>
dc.description.sponsorshipCambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme, University of Cambridge
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.titleChoosing a Smuggler: Decision-making Amongst Migrants Smuggled to Europe
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage21
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationDate2021
prism.publicationNameEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
prism.startingPage5
prism.volume27
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.55054
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-07-10
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s10610-020-09459-y
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-03-01
dc.contributor.orcidCampana, Paolo [0000-0003-2448-9130]
dc.identifier.eissn1572-9869
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
cam.issuedOnline2020-07-27
cam.orpheus.successWed Aug 19 08:05:35 BST 2020 - Embargo updated
cam.orpheus.counter4
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2021-01-01


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