Ribosome collisions trigger cis-acting feedback inhibition of translation initiation.
eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
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Juszkiewicz, S., Slodkowicz, G., Lin, Z., Freire-Pritchett, P., Peak-Chew, S., & Hegde, R. S. (2020). Ribosome collisions trigger cis-acting feedback inhibition of translation initiation.. Elife, 9 https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.60038
Translation of aberrant mRNAs can cause ribosomes to stall, leading to collisions with trailing ribosomes. Collided ribosomes are specifically recognised by ZNF598 to initiate protein and mRNA quality control pathways. Here we found using quantitative proteomics of collided ribosomes that EDF1 is a ZNF598-independent sensor of ribosome collisions. EDF1 stabilises GIGYF2 at collisions to inhibit translation initiation in cis via 4EHP. The GIGYF2 axis acts independently of the ZNF598 axis, but each pathway's output is more pronounced without the other. We propose that the widely conserved and highly abundant EDF1 monitors the transcriptome for excessive ribosome density, then triggers a GIGYF2-mediated response to locally and temporarily reduce ribosome loading. Only when collisions persist is translation abandoned to initiate ZNF598-dependent quality control. This tiered response to ribosome collisions would allow cells to dynamically tune translation rates while ensuring fidelity of the resulting protein products.
Research Article, Cell Biology, translation, ribosome, quality control, None
Medical Research Council (MC_UP_A022_1007)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.60038
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/308393
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/