Isolation of homozygous mutant mouse embryonic stem cells using a dual selection system.
Pettitt, Stephen J
Li, Meng Amy
Nucleic Acids Res
Oxford University Press (OUP)
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Huang, Y., Pettitt, S. J., Guo, G., Liu, G., Li, M. A., Yang, F., & Bradley, A. (2012). Isolation of homozygous mutant mouse embryonic stem cells using a dual selection system.. Nucleic Acids Res, 40 (3), e21. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkr908
Obtaining random homozygous mutants in mammalian cells for forward genetic studies has always been problematic due to the diploid genome. With one mutation per cell, only one allele of an autosomal gene can be disrupted, and the resulting heterozygous mutant is unlikely to display a phenotype. In cells with a genetic background deficient for the Bloom's syndrome helicase, such heterozygous mutants segregate homozygous daughter cells at a low frequency due to an elevated rate of crossover following mitotic recombination between homologous chromosomes. We constructed DNA vectors that are selectable based on their copy number and used these to isolate these rare homozygous mutant cells independent of their phenotype. We use the piggyBac transposon to limit the initial mutagenesis to one copy per cell, and select for cells that have increased the transposon copy number to two or more. This yields homozygous mutants with two allelic mutations, but also cells that have duplicated the mutant chromosome and become aneuploid during culture. On average, 26% of the copy number gain events occur by the mitotic recombination pathway. We obtained homozygous cells from 40% of the heterozygous mutants tested. This method can provide homozygous mammalian loss-of-function mutants for forward genetic applications.
Cells, Cultured, Animals, Mice, Aneuploidy, DNA Transposable Elements, Cell Separation, Mutagenesis, Insertional, Mutagenesis, Base Sequence, Drug Resistance, Homozygote, Mutation, Loss of Heterozygosity, Genetic Vectors, Molecular Sequence Data, Embryonic Stem Cells, Genetic Loci
Medical Research Council (G0700665)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkr908
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/311505
Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/