The utility of Amies charcoal bacteriology swabs for storage of canine urine prior to culture.
The Journal of small animal practice
MetadataShow full item record
Olivares, G., Hermes, D., Manzanilla, E., Hughes, K., Clarke, L., & Warland, J. (2020). The utility of Amies charcoal bacteriology swabs for storage of canine urine prior to culture.. The Journal of small animal practice https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.13269
Structured summary: o Objective To determine the usefulness of bacteriology swabs as a storage method of canine urine samples and the effect on quantitative bacterial culture (QBC) o Material and methods Two hundred fourteen canine urine samples were collected by cystocentesis. The reference aliquot was placed in a sterile tube and processed for QBC within 6 hours. A bacteriology swab was then immersed in the urine for 5 seconds and returned to the charcoal Amies media container. The urine samples in the sterile tube and bacteriology swab were stored at room temperature for 48 hours and processed for QBC. o Results Thirty-seven of the samples were positive on reference culture with a total of 42 bacterial isolates. Samples stored in sterile tube and bacteriology swab had identical sensitivity and specificity for detection of bacteriuria (94.7% and 100%, respectively) with very good agreement (κ = 0.92; 95% CI 0.81 to 1.00). Agreement between the bacterial species of the reference sample and the bacteriology swab was higher (κ= 0.85; 95% CI 0.71 to 0.99) than compared to the sterile tube (κ= 0.78; 95% CI 0.62 to 0.94), but the overlapping confidence intervals mean improved agreement cannot be inferred. o Clinical significance Bacteriology swabs stored in Amies charcoal transport media should be considered an alternative method to preserve canine urine sample when immediate processing for QBC is not possible. The sensitivity of culturing plain urine, stored for 48 hours in a sterile tube, for detection of bacteriuria, was higher than previously reported.
Animal Health Trust, Newmarket
Embargo Lift Date
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jsap.13269
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/312882
All rights reserved