Reproducibility of compartmental modelling of 18 F-FDG PET/CT to evaluate lung inflammation
Vass, Laurence D.
Wilson, Frederick J.
Springer International Publishing
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Vass, L. D., Lee, S., Wilson, F. J., Fisk, M., Cheriyan, J., & Wilkinson, I. (2019). Reproducibility of compartmental modelling of 18 F-FDG PET/CT to evaluate lung inflammation. EJNMMI Physics, 6 (1)https://doi.org/10.1186/s40658-019-0265-8
Abstract: Introduction: Compartmental modelling is an established method of quantifying 18F-FDG uptake; however, only recently has it been applied to evaluate pulmonary inflammation. Implementation of compartmental models remains challenging in the lung, partly due to the low signal-to-noise ratio compared to other organs and the lack of standardisation. Good reproducibility is a key requirement of an imaging biomarker which has yet to be demonstrated in pulmonary compartmental models of 18F-FDG; in this paper, we address this unmet need. Methods: Retrospective subject data were obtained from the EVOLVE observational study: Ten COPD patients (age =66±9; 8M/2F), 10 α1ATD patients (age =63±8; 7M/3F) and 10 healthy volunteers (age =68±8; 9M/1F) never smokers. PET and CT images were co-registered, and whole lung regions were extracted from CT using an automated algorithm; the descending aorta was defined using a manually drawn region. Subsequent stages of the compartmental analysis were performed by two independent operators using (i) a MIAKATTM based pipeline and (ii) an in-house developed pipeline. We evaluated the metabolic rate constant of 18F-FDG (Kim) and the fractional blood volume (Vb); Bland-Altman plots were used to compare the results. Further, we adjusted the in-house pipeline to identify the salient features in the analysis which may help improve the standardisation of this technique in the lung. Results: The initial agreement on a subject level was poor: Bland-Altman coefficients of reproducibility for Kim and Vb were 0.0031 and 0.047 respectively. However, the effect size between the groups (i.e. COPD, α1ATD and healthy subjects) was similar using either pipeline. We identified the key drivers of this difference using an incremental approach: ROI methodology, modelling of the IDIF and time delay estimation. Adjustment of these factors led to improved Bland-Altman coefficients of reproducibility of 0.0015 and 0.027 for Kim and Vb respectively. Conclusions: Despite similar methodology, differences in implementation can lead to disparate results in the outcome parameters. When reporting the outcomes of lung compartmental modelling, we recommend the inclusion of the details of ROI methodology, input function fitting and time delay estimation to improve reproducibility.
Original Research, Positron emission tomography computed tomography, Kinetic modelling, Lung inflammation, Fluorodeoxyglucose F18, Reproducibility of results, Pulmonary disease, Chronic obstructive, Biomarkers
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40658-019-0265-8
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/315402