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dc.contributor.authorKemp, Luke
dc.contributor.authorAldridge, David C.
dc.contributor.authorBooy, Olaf
dc.contributor.authorBower, Hilary
dc.contributor.authorBrowne, Des
dc.contributor.authorBurgmann, Mark
dc.contributor.authorBurt, Austin
dc.contributor.authorCunningham, Andrew A.
dc.contributor.authorDando, Malcolm
dc.contributor.authorDick, Jaimie T. A.
dc.contributor.authorDye, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorWeiss Evans, Sam
dc.contributor.authorGallardo, Belinda
dc.contributor.authorGodfray, H. Charles J.
dc.contributor.authorGoodfellow, Ian
dc.contributor.authorGubbins, Simon
dc.contributor.authorHolt, Lauren A.
dc.contributor.authorJones, Kate E.
dc.contributor.authorKandil, Hazem
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Phillip
dc.contributor.authorMcCaughan, Mark
dc.contributor.authorMcLeish, Caitríona
dc.contributor.authorMeany, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorMillett, Kathryn
dc.contributor.authorÓhÉigeartaigh, Sean S.
dc.contributor.authorPatron, Nicola J.
dc.contributor.authorRhodes, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Helen E.
dc.contributor.authorShackelford, Gorm
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Derek
dc.contributor.authorSpence, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorSteiner, Helene
dc.contributor.authorSundaram, Lalitha S.
dc.contributor.authorVoeneky, Silja
dc.contributor.authorWalker, John R.
dc.contributor.authorWatkins, Harry
dc.contributor.authorWhitby, Simon
dc.contributor.authorWood, James
dc.contributor.authorSutherland, William J.
dc.descriptionFunder: David and Claudia Harding Foundation
dc.description.abstractMultiple national and international trends and drivers are radically changing what biological security means for the United Kingdom (UK). New technologies present novel opportunities and challenges, and globalisation has created new pathways and increased the speed, volume and routes by which organisms can spread. The UK Biological Security Strategy (2018) acknowledges the importance of research on biological security in the UK. Given the breadth of potential research, a targeted agenda identifying the questions most critical to effective and coordinated progress in different disciplines of biological security is required. We used expert elicitation to generate 80 policy-relevant research questions considered by participants to have the greatest impact on UK biological security. Drawing on a collaboratively-developed set of 450 questions, proposed by 41 experts from academia, industry and the UK government (consulting 168 additional experts) we subdivided the final 80 questions into six categories: bioengineering; communication and behaviour; disease threats (including pandemics); governance and policy; invasive alien species; and securing biological materials and securing against misuse. Initially, the questions were ranked through a voting process and then reduced and refined to 80 during a one-day workshop with 35 participants from a variety of disciplines. Consistently emerging themes included: the nature of current and potential biological security threats, the efficacy of existing management actions, and the most appropriate future options. The resulting questions offer a research agenda for biological security in the UK that can assist the targeting of research resources and inform the implementation of the UK Biological Security Strategy. These questions include research that could aid with the mitigation of Covid-19, and preparation for the next pandemic. We hope that our structured and rigorous approach to creating a biological security research agenda will be replicated in other countries and regions. The world, not just the UK, is in need of a thoughtful approach to directing biological security research to tackle the emerging issues.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)en
dc.subjectResearch Article
dc.subjectEcology and environmental sciences
dc.subjectMedicine and health sciences
dc.subjectSocial sciences
dc.subjectBiology and life sciences
dc.subjectEngineering and technology
dc.subjectScience policy
dc.title80 questions for UK biological security
prism.publicationNamePLOS ONE
datacite.contributor.supervisoreditor: Linkov, Igor
dc.contributor.orcidKemp, Luke [0000-0002-3816-564X]
dc.contributor.orcidBower, Hilary [0000-0002-1541-6637]
dc.contributor.orcidGubbins, Simon [0000-0003-0538-4173]
dc.contributor.orcidPatron, Nicola J. [0000-0002-8389-1851]
dc.contributor.orcidShackelford, Gorm [0000-0003-0949-0934]
dc.contributor.orcidSpence, Nicola [0000-0003-2589-2511]
dc.contributor.orcidSundaram, Lalitha S. [0000-0002-9595-9753]
dc.contributor.orcidWatkins, Harry [0000-0002-4038-7145]
dc.contributor.orcidWhitby, Simon [0000-0001-5022-3286]
dc.contributor.orcidSutherland, William J. [0000-0002-6498-0437]

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)