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dc.contributor.authorFotherby, Angus
dc.contributor.authorBradbury, Harold J.
dc.contributor.authorAntler, Gilad
dc.contributor.authorSun, Xiaole
dc.contributor.authorDruhan, Jennifer L.
dc.contributor.authorTurchyn, Alexandra V.
dc.description.abstractWe present the results of an isotope-enabled reactive transport model of a sediment column undergoing active microbial sulfate reduction to explore the response of the sulfur and oxygen isotopic composition of sulfate under perturbations to steady state. In particular, we test how perturbations to steady state influence the cross plot of δ 34S and δ 18O for sulfate. The slope of the apparent linear phase (SALP) in the cross plot of δ 34S and δ 18O for sulfate has been used to infer the mechanism, or metabolic rate, of microbial metabolism, making it important that we understand how transient changes might influence this slope. Tested perturbations include changes in boundary conditions and changes in the rate of microbial sulfate reduction in the sediment. Our results suggest that perturbations to steady state influence the pore fluid concentration of sulfate and the δ 34S and δ 18O of sulfate but have a minimal effect on SALP. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a constant advective flux in the sediment column has no measurable effect on SALP. We conclude that changes in the SALP after a perturbation are not analytically resolvable after the first 5% of the total equilibration time. This suggests that in sedimentary environments the SALP can be interpreted in terms of microbial metabolism and not in terms of environmental parameters.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S.A.
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)en
dc.subjectEarth Science
dc.subjectcoupled sulfur-oxygen isotopes
dc.subjectmicrobial sulfate reduction
dc.subjectnon-steady state
dc.subjectreactive transport
dc.subjectsedimentary pore fluids
dc.titleModelling the Effects of Non-Steady State Transport Dynamics on the Sulfur and Oxygen Isotope Composition of Sulfate in Sedimentary Pore Fluids
prism.publicationNameFrontiers in Earth Science

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)