Anti-D monoclonal antibodies from 23 human and rodent cell lines display diverse IgG Fc-glycosylation profiles that determine their clinical efficacy
Kumpel, Belinda M.
Koeleman, Carolien A. M.
Abrahams, Jodie L.
Armour, Kathryn L.
Olovnikova, Natalia I.
Rudd, Pauline M.
Nature Publishing Group UK
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Kumpel, B. M., Saldova, R., Koeleman, C. A. M., Abrahams, J. L., Ederveen, A. H., Armour, K. L., Olovnikova, N. I., et al. (2020). Anti-D monoclonal antibodies from 23 human and rodent cell lines display diverse IgG Fc-glycosylation profiles that determine their clinical efficacy. Scientific Reports, 10 (1)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57393-9
Abstract: Anti-D immunoglobulin (Anti-D Ig) prophylaxis prevents haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. Monoclonal IgG anti-Ds (mAb-Ds) would enable unlimited supplies but have differed in efficacy in FcγRIIIa-mediated ADCC assays and clinical trials. Structural variations of the oligosaccharide chains of mAb-Ds are hypothesised to be responsible. Quantitative data on 12 Fc-glycosylation features of 23 mAb-Ds (12 clones, 5 produced from multiple cell lines) and one blood donor-derived anti-D Ig were obtained by HPLC and mass spectrometry using 3 methods. Glycosylation of mAb-Ds from human B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (B) was similar to anti-D Ig although fucosylation varied, affecting ADCC activity. In vivo, two B mAb-Ds with 77–81% fucosylation cleared red cells and prevented D-immunisation but less effectively than anti-D Ig. High fucosylation (>89%) of mouse-human heterohybridoma (HH) and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mAb-Ds blocked ADCC and clearance. Rat YB2/0 mAb-Ds with <50% fucosylation mediated more efficient ADCC and clearance than anti-D Ig. Galactosylation of B mAb-Ds was 57–83% but 15–58% for rodent mAb-Ds. HH mAb-Ds had non-human sugars. These data reveal high galactosylation like anti-D Ig (>60%) together with lower fucosylation (<60%) as safe features of mAb-Ds for mediating rapid red cell clearance at low doses, to enable effective, inexpensive prophylaxis.
Article, /631/45/221, /631/61/475, /631/250/251/1574, /692/699/1541, /692/308/153, /13/1, /13/106, /13/62, /82/58, /101/47, article
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57393-9
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/316867
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/