On species delimitation, hybridization and population structure of cassava whitefly in Africa
Tay, W. T.
Gordon, K. H. J.
Walsh, T. K.
De Barro, P. J.
Nature Publishing Group UK
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Elfekih, S., Tay, W. T., Polaszek, A., Gordon, K. H. J., Kunz, D., Macfadyen, S., Walsh, T. K., et al. (2021). On species delimitation, hybridization and population structure of cassava whitefly in Africa. Scientific Reports, 11 (1)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87107-z
Abstract: The Bemisia cassava whitefly complex includes species that cause severe crop damage through vectoring cassava viruses in eastern Africa. Currently, this whitefly complex is divided into species and subgroups (SG) based on very limited molecular markers that do not allow clear definition of species and population structure. Based on 14,358 genome-wide SNPs from 62 Bemisia cassava whitefly individuals belonging to sub-Saharan African species (SSA1, SSA2 and SSA4), and using a well-curated mtCOI gene database, we show clear incongruities in previous taxonomic approaches underpinned by effects from pseudogenes. We show that the SSA4 species is nested within SSA2, and that populations of the SSA1 species comprise well-defined south-eastern (Madagascar, Tanzania) and north-western (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi) putative sub-species. Signatures of allopatric incipient speciation, and the presence of a ‘hybrid zone’ separating the two putative sub-species were also detected. These findings provide insights into the evolution and molecular ecology of a highly cryptic hemipteran insect complex in African, and allow the systematic use of genomic data to be incorporated in the development of management strategies for this cassava pest.
Article, /631/158/2464, /631/158/857, /631/158/2178, /631/158/2452, /631/181/457, article
CSIRO Office of the Chief Executive (OCE) post-doctoral fellowship (R-4546-1)
European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) fellowship (ASTF-6889)
CSIRO Health and Biosecurity Genes of Biosecurity Importance fund (R-8681-1)
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Grant Agreement OPP1058938)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87107-z
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/319735