Mycophenolate Mofetil Versus Cyclophosphamide for Remission Induction in Childhood Polyarteritis Nodosa: An Open-Label, Randomized, Bayesian Noninferiority Trial.
Beresford, Michael W
Hughes, Dyfrig A
Hampson, Lisa V
Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.)
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Brogan, P. A., Arch, B., Hickey, H., Anton, J., Iglesias, E., Baildam, E., Mahmood, K., et al. (2021). Mycophenolate Mofetil Versus Cyclophosphamide for Remission Induction in Childhood Polyarteritis Nodosa: An Open-Label, Randomized, Bayesian Noninferiority Trial.. Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.), 73 (9), 1673-1682. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.41730
OBJECTIVE: Cyclophosphamide (CYC) is used in clinical practice off-label for induction of remission of childhood polyarteritis nodosa (cPAN). Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) might offer a less toxic alternative: we explored their relative effectiveness in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: International, open-label, Bayesian, RCT investigating the relative effectiveness of MMF and CYC for remission induction in cPAN. Eleven newly-diagnosed patients were randomised (1:1) to MMF or intravenous-CYC; all received the same glucocorticoid regimen. The primary endpoint was remission within 6-months whilst compliant with glucocorticoid taper. Bayesian distributions for remission rates were established a priori for MMF and CYC by experienced clinicians, and updated to posterior distributions on trial completion. RESULTS: Baseline disease activity/features were similar between groups. The primary remission endpoint occurred in 4/6 patients (67%) in the MMF group and 4/5 patients (80%) in the CYC group. Time to remission was shorter in the MMF group (median 7.4 weeks versus 17.5 weeks for CYC). No relapses occurred in either group within 18-months. Two serious infections were probably related to MMF. Physical and psychosocial quality-of-life scores were superior in the MMF group compared to CYC at 6-and 18-months. Combining the prior expert opinion with results from MYPAN provided posterior estimates of remission of 71% (90% CrI 51-83%) for MMF; and 75% (90% CrI 57-86%) for CYC. CONCLUSION: Taking the prior opinion and the study results together, rates of remission induction in cPAN on MMF and CYC are similar, and MMF might be associated with better health-related quality of life than CYC.
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/art.41730
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/321305
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