Lessons on textile history and fibre durability from a 4,000-year-old Egyptian flax yarn.
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Melelli, A., Shah, D., Hapsari, G., Cortopassi, R., Durand, S., Arnould, O., Placet, V., et al. (2021). Lessons on textile history and fibre durability from a 4,000-year-old Egyptian flax yarn.. Nature plants, 7 (9), 1200-1206. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-021-00998-8
Because of the earliness of its civilization and its multiple skills, ancient Egypt is a permanent source of inspiration. It was a pioneer in the cultivation of flax, in a form similar to the one we know today. Through the study of a 4,000-year-old flax yarn, we highlight the exceptional potential of this fibre in terms of durability; indeed, the cell walls analysed display mechanical performances close to those of contemporary flax, despite a more pronounced development of structural defects. These ultrastructural and mechanical investigations provide us with valuable information on the long-term behaviour of flax fibre, particularly when used as a material reinforcement is considered. Our findings also underline the Egyptians' great mastery of flax retting, processing and spinning.
Flax, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Archaeology, Textiles, History, Ancient, Egypt
Is supplemented by: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.72394
The authors want to thank the INTERREG IV Cross Channel programme for funding this work through the FLOWER project (Grant number n°23). SOLEIL Synchrotron is also thanked for funding the 99180266 and 99200015 in-house proposals. This work has also been supported by the EIPHI Graduate school (contract "ANR-17-EURE-0002").
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External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-021-00998-8
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/324035
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